Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial “It was clearly intentional,” said Tiu after Rain or Shine’s 96-90 win Sunday at Smart Araneta Coliseum. “He’s been very rough the entire game, unfortunately, I didn’t see it at all and he got me clean.”“It’s been the worst, the hardest hit I’ve ever gotten in my basketball career. I lost consciousness for maybe two seconds, it was like getting punched by [Manny] Pacquiao.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownTiu was initially told to get immediate medical help after the incident but he refused to go to the nearest hospital and instead had trainers look at his wound.White’s elbow to Tiu’s face, however, was just the beginning. Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Tiu hit the dagger of a three that gave the Painters a 92-83 cushion with only 1:14 left. He finished with 10 points, four rebounds and six assists.“We just have to be focused and the objective is to win the game,” said Tiu whose team sits atop the standings with a 5-1 record. “I think the best way is to win the game, that’s the best revenge we could give them.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls View comments Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding LATEST STORIES Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations Taguchi’s boxing history bid ended by ‘Hexecutioner’ The two teams once again went at it that resulted to GlobalPort center Kelly Nabong and Rain or Shine guard Maverick Ahanmisi getting ejected with 3:20 left in the game after getting into a shoving match.GlobalPort guard Ryan Araña was also slapped with a technical foul after he entered the playing court along with former teammate Beau Belga.Nabong and Ahanmisi’s ejections weren’t the end of the heat, though, as Rain or Shine center Raymond Almazan got into the face of White.Almazan also got tossed in the process with 40.3 seconds left in the game.Interestingly, it was Tiu, who ended up making the biggest shot of the game.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Rain or Shine guard Chris Tiu reacts after getting elbowed in the face by GlobalPort import Malcolm White during the fourth quarter of their game. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netWhat has been a physical game between Rain or Shine and GlobalPort intensified after Batang Pier import Malcolm White hit Elasto Painters guard Chris Tiu with a crushing elbow to the face in the fourth quarter.The 6-foot-9 import clocked Tiu, who is listed at 5-foot-11, at the 6:50 mark of the quarter that paved way to a wild last five minutes.ADVERTISEMENT Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours
…based on needs assessment done on TVET institutionsA prevailing concern is that lack of capacity will see locals losing out on technical jobs arising from the oil and gas sector. But armed with a needs assessment report, the Energy Department is looking to fix that.Energy Department Head,Dr Mark BynoeThis was explained at a press conference held on Friday by the Department at the Ministry of the Presidency. According to Head of the Department, Dr Mark Bynoe, they are working in collaboration with the Council for Technical and Vocational Education Training (CTVET) and its Director, Floyd Scott.“We’ve been working very closely with the Council and those entities that have been coming trying to set up parallel structures; we’ve been encouraging them to set up partnerships with the TVET institutions,” he explained.Dr Bynoe related that they are considering initiating two pilot programmes within the TVET institutions. He also referenced the Board of Industrial Training (BIT) and the University of Guyana, which are also building capacity for the sector.“The University of Guyana has recently launched their own petroleum programme. We are also working with the Board of Industrial Training. And one must recall the Public Service Ministry still provides opportunities for Guyana to build its capacity as we move towards the oil and gas sector,” Dr Bynoe stated.In 2016, the Government had signed an agreement that would see the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) contributing US$14 million towards TVET institutions. Another agreement to develop TVET worth US$83,000 was signed between Guyana and the Organisation of American States (OAS) last year.This year, the University of Guyana also launched its Masters and Associate of Science in Petroleum Engineering programmes.TVETIn March of this year, CTVET Director Scott had revealed at a forum in Albouystown that Guyana was missing hundreds of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) skills from its technical and vocational curriculums.CTVET Director Floyd Scott“There is currently in the region of Occupational Health and Safety standards, 250 skills. In Guyana, within our TVET institutions, we only have 17 occupational skills being taught. So, if there is a need for a skill outside of that 17, the foreigners will come,” he had said.Scott also revealed that during a recent meeting of the College of Science, Technology and Applied Arts of Trinidad and Tobago (COSTAATT), he learnt that they were now issuing skilled certificates to categories of workers.“The agriculture workers, security workers and domestic household… What was interesting is what the skilled certificates mean, it’s a work permit to travel throughout the Caricom Region. Guyanese cannot get it…because that certification is not afforded in Guyana,” Scott noted.“With oil and gas, you will see tourism. You will see a lot of hotels. You will see the need for people to be day-care workers. And the foreigners aren’t going to come and ask you to work for them, because you look good. They want to know you are capable of doing the job.”Local content and what it will do for Guyana has been a burning question since the announcement of the oil discovery in the Stabroek Block. After Exxon first tempered expectations by saying that few job opportunities will be created by oil, it has since said that it would help with local content delivery.One measure it has taken is to set up a Centre for Local Business Development (CLBD). A major complaint has been that Guyanese are losing out to foreigners when it comes to local content, especially as the Local Content Policy is still to take effect.
The PRRD says to not drive more vehicles then you have to, and do not use the telephone unless you need emergency service. UPDATE: The PRRD has revised this evacuation alert to include more residences, include the Doig River First Nation.FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. — The PRRD has issued an evacuation order for the area around the Siphon Creek fire.The area includes the following:256 Road between 221 Road and 211 Road221 Road just north of the 252 Road211 Road just north of the 252 RoadAlberta border from just north of the 252 Road, to approximately 40 km north along the Alberta border, then southwest to just north of the 256 Road, then south to just north of the 252 Road and then east to the Alberta border.- Advertisement -Those affected by the evacuation order must leave the area immediately, and check in at the reception centre at the North Peace Arena in Fort St. John, by calling 250 794 3310. Anyone needing help moving or housing livestock should contact them as well.Those in need of transportation assistance from the area please advise the individual providing this notice or call 250 784‐3200.Residents are asked to close all windows and doors, shut off all gas and electrical appliances, other than refrigerators and freezers, close gates but do not lock, and gather family members, take a neighbour or someone who needs help, take critical items (medicine, purse, wallet, and Keys) only if they are immediately available, and take pets in pet kennels or on leash.Advertisement
Manchester City legend Dennis Tueart insists the Blues’ character to progress to the Champions League knockout stages without Sergio Aguero disproved recent claims they are a one man team.City have endured a somewhat indifferent run of form throughout the early stages of this season, with Argentine star Aguero carrying the side at times with 19 goals in all competitions.Doubts were raised over their chances to progress in Europe’s premier club competition, therefore, when the striker was ruled out of Wednesday’s must-win clash at Roma after suffering a knee injury in the Premier League.But – despite missing a host of other key first-teamers – Manuel Pellegrini’s men certainly delivered as Samir Nasri and Pablo Zabaleta found the net in a 2-0 victory.And Tueart believes Pellegrini has a team to be reckoned with after booking their place in the last 16.“We have a really big squad and they proved they can deliver as a team with the win at Roma,” he told The Sports Bar.“We know City don’t have to rely on the likes of Aguero, [Vincent] Kompany, [David] Silva and [Yaya] Toure to get results now.“Individual belief will be growing game by game and other teams will be thinking: ‘If anybody goes to Rome and wins 2-0 they got to have something about them’.“And with Aguero, Silva, Kompany and Toure all coming back, I think we’ll certainly have a team to be reckoned with, that’s for sure.”
FOOTBALL: Ballyraine FC will this week announce the establishment of a Goalkeeping academy for its underage footballers. Specialised goalkeeping training will be provided to Ballyraine FC registered players at under 8, 9 and 10 age groups. The academy will kick off on Thursday 15th September with regular sessions every fortnight complementing the current underage soccer skills programme running at the club. Letterkenny businessman Enda Nicholls will head up the goalkeeping programme. Enda is a former goalkeeper himself and part of the underage coaching team at Ballyraine FC.He will be assisted by Nina Singaroyan, a recent recruit to the Ballyraine FC coaching staff.Nina is the daughter of former Finn Harps manager and Sligo Rovers stalwart Chris Rutherford.New boys and girls wishing to avail of goalkeeping training should call club registrar Kieran Shiels on (087) 998 4749 regarding registering as a Ballyraine FC player. New boys and girls welcome. Ballyraine FC launch Goalkeeping Academy was last modified: September 5th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Ballyraine FCENDA NICHOLLSGoalkeeping AcademylaunchedSport
PALMDALE – A 55-mile chase that topped 120 mph ended when the fleeing car turned onto a dirt road in Red Rock Canyon State Park and rammed a California Highway Patrol car, authorities said. Max Garcia, 32, of Lake Los Angeles, who sheriff’s records show had been arrested three times in the last five weeks on misdemeanor charges, was booked on suspicion of evading a peace officer, a felony. “He rammed the patrol car. There were no injuries,” Officer Henry Ross of the CHP said. The chase started about 1:30 a.m. Wednesday on Palmdale Boulevard, west of the Antelope Valley Freeway, after Palmdale sheriff’s deputies tried to stop a 1992 Honda Accord on suspicion the driver was drunk. The Honda sped off. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Two CHP officers saw the Honda as it got on the Antelope Valley Freeway headed north from 10th Street West in Palmdale. They said they chased it north into Kern County, reaching speeds of 120 to 130 mph. Mojave CHP officers joined as the chase went through their area on Highway 14. At Red Rock Canyon, about 20 miles north of Mojave, the fleeing car turned onto dirt Dove Springs Road. Then it made a U-turn and rammed the Lancaster CHP car, which disabled the Honda, CHP spokesman Ross said. The driver and his passenger were taken into custody and turned over to sheriff’s deputies. The passenger was not identified. Garcia was jailed in lieu of $75,000 bail on suspicion of evading a peace officer, drunk driving and drug possession. Charles F. Bostwick, (661) 267-5742 email@example.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Hundreds of South Africans gathered on Nelson Mandela Square to sing and record the happy birthday song for the former president.(Image: Ray Maota) Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola speaks at the launch of the song.(Images: Cadine Pillay)MEDIA CONTACTS • Sello Hatang, Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory+2711 547 5600RELATED ARTICLES• Madiba birthday song a group effort• How does Mandela Day inspire you?• Schools to benefit for Mandela Day• Brand SA plays its part for Mandela Day• Make every day Mandela Day’ in 2011Cadine PillayAs the one-month countdown to International Mandela Day 2012 kicked off on Monday 18 June, the video of the special birthday song for former president Nelson Mandela was launched.Mandela turns 94 on 18 July, and every year his birthday is celebrated around the world, with the date officially declared by the UN in 2009 as an internationally recognised commemorative date.“The countdown has started – there is one month to go,” said social movement Lead SA’s Yusuf Abramjee, who spoke at the launch at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg.Last year, Lead SA, the Department of Basic Education and the foundation garnered the support of South Africans to sing to Mandela on his big day. This year they decided to go bigger by encouraging the whole world to participate in the singing – which will take place simultaneously, at 8am South African time.A special tributeOn 29 May hundreds of people, among them TV, radio and sports personalities, gathered in Sandton for the recording of the song. Also present were basic education minister Angie Motshekga; Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the minister of home affairs; and Anitha Soni, trustee of the board of directors at Brand South Africa.Lead SA, the department and the foundation, supported by the Shout Foundation, Proudly South African and Brand South Africa, partnered to get the world movement going to sing the song and engage in 67 minutes of community service.Mobile provider Vodacom has also donated their infrastructure to provide a platform for people to download the song – by texting ‘Madiba’ to 44009, people will be able to download the song via a link sent in a reply.“We are exploring the possibility of breaking a social media world record. We want to mobilise South Africans and the world to sing and pledge their 67 minutes,” said Abramjee.South African Rugby has also pledged its support, saying that national team the Springboks, along with thousands of spectators who will be present at the test match against England in Port Elizabeth on Saturday 23 June, will also sing to Madiba.Footballs fans will also be getting involved. The song will be sung ahead of matches scheduled on the day, as well as half-time on the following Saturday in Durban and Cape Town respectively, when local teams take on Manchester United FC.Viewers of DStv will also be treated to the song as satellite operator MultiChoice pledged to play the recording on all its channels at 8am on the day.“This is in the true spirit of doing it for our country and honouring Madiba,” said Abramjee, thanking Imitiaz Patel, CEO of Multichoice.Goodwill and support for MandelaOver 100 community radio stations will play the song, while the Caxton and Independent newspaper groups will lend their support by promoting the movement in the lead up to the day.Lead SA and its partners have further invited companies, universities, NGOs, government departments and individuals to join in, while also calling on foreign media to put aside the differences and support the initiative.They have also called on representatives of foreign organisations in South Africa to assist in getting 67+ countries to join the initiative and sing happy birthday at 8am, their local times, and also to get their people to do 67 minutes of community service.Mandela’s grandson Luvuyo Mandela said he and his family will hand out blankets and plant trees as part of their 67 minutes project. South African news presenter Leanne Manas also assured her 67 minutes of goodwill and encouraged others to do the same.CEO of the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory Achmat Dangor said no government can meet all the challenges by itself and the citizens of South Africa need to be active in making a difference.“When civil society realises its strength, it can make a difference,” added singer Kabelo, who is part of Shout.Speaking at the launch, Miller Matola, CEO of Brand South Africa, one of the biggest partners of the initiative, said that in the spirit of Ubuntu, the people in his organisation are ready to roll up their sleeves and do their part for Mandela.94+ schools projectThe primary objective of the 94+ Schools Project for Madiba is to celebrate Mandela’s 94th birthday by giving hope and dignity to children at at least 94 schools across South Africa, by improving school infrastructure.The campaign to alleviate the infrastructure backlog in primary schools in poor communities across the country will make a significant contribution to fulfilling Mandela’s dream for every child in South Africa to be educated.“Let’s make his 94th birthday the magic of legends and an enduring memory,” said Abramjee.“We want to give him his best birthday present ever – the love of the world.”
Davos, Saturday 23 January 2016 – South Africa’s Mafikizolo will tonight fly the South African flag high in the snow covered town of Davos, Switzerland as the 2016 World Economic Forum comes to an end.Mafikizolo’s appearance in Davos follows their outstanding performance at the World Economic Forum’s Africa meeting in Cape Town in June 2015. After their impressive artistic offering the group was invited by Prof Klaus Schwab to travel to Davos to entertain guests at the soiree to mark the end of the 2016 Forum.South African arts and culture is a critical vehicle through which the spirit of our national brand is conveyed within the country and beyond our borders. As such the role of arts and culture in building national cohesion and the economy is recognised in the National Development Plan. In 2011, South Africa’s music industry was worth R2.2 billion in sales.Follow Mafikizolo’s travels on @MafikizoloSA #SAinDavos.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest DuPont (NYSE:DD) and The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE:DOW) announced the U.S. site structure for the global agriculture leader the companies intend to create following the planned separation of DowDuPont into three independent, publicly traded companies.The corporate headquarters for the Agriculture company will be located in Wilmington, Delaware and will include the office of the CEO and key corporate support functions. Sites in Johnston, Iowa and Indianapolis, Indiana will serve as Global Business Centers, with leadership of business lines, business support functions, R&D, global supply chain, and sales and marketing capabilities concentrated in the two Midwest locations. In addition, the independent Agriculture company will feature DuPont in the company’s name, following completion of the corporate naming and branding process.“This efficient structure takes full advantage of the unique expertise and resources that exist in each location, enabling us to deliver the long-term opportunity for the leading global Agriculture company we intend to create,” said Edward D. Breen, chairman and chief executive officer of DuPont. “Our deep presence in Iowa and Indiana will continue the close ties to our customer base and the broader Agriculture community, while leveraging the existing corporate infrastructure and expertise we have in Delaware — DuPont’s home for more than 200 years.”The structure of the Agriculture company was specifically developed to ensure the cost discipline and efficiency necessary to achieve the previously stated $1.3 billion in synergies, while establishing the strongest foundation possible for sustainable growth over the long term — which will in turn create long-term opportunities for the company’s global employee base and local communities. This structure enables the intended independent Agriculture company to consolidate DuPont’s and Dow’s complete Agriculture capabilities across seed and crop protection in three primary locations, which is integral to achieving the planned synergies.“We want to thank the leaders of each state for a highly constructive, cooperative process to achieve the best possible approach that leverages key advantages in each location. As we advance plans for the intended merger, DuPont and the state of Delaware are committed to leveraging our respective science infrastructures and competencies to nurture the emerging science and technology innovation hub in the state,” Breen said.“The proposed combination of Dow’s and DuPont’s agricultural businesses will create a U.S.-based global leader with the scale and breadth necessary to deliver greater value and choice for growers worldwide and compete against the largest global competitors,” said Andrew N. Liveris, chairman and chief executive officer of Dow. “Combining each company’s strengths in science and R&D, with increased global market access, enables greater opportunity for innovative new solutions in both seed and crop protection. The headquarters location of the Agriculture company being announced as Wilmington, with global business centers in Indiana and Iowa is consistent with the intended headquarters of the Material Science company, to be named Dow, being headquartered in Midland, Michigan, but having global business centers in other U.S. and global locations.”“Today’s announcement is another step toward our creation of a leading global agriculture company. The intended Agriculture company will be highly focused, stronger, more competitive, more resilient and better equipped to deliver growth and long-term, sustainable value than either DuPont or Dow could deliver on its own. Both companies have highly respected brands in the agriculture industry, such as Pioneer and Mycogen, which we will continue to build and leverage. Going forward, we will be better equipped to meet and exceed grower expectations for innovation in crop technology and agricultural services. We intend to bring a broader suite of products to the market, faster, to increase grower productivity and profitability,” Breen concluded. With the announcement of the intended Agriculture company site structure, each headquarters location of the three intended independent, publicly traded companies now has been determined.Agriculture Company: A leading global pure‐play Agriculture company that unites the Seeds and Crop Protection businesses from DuPont and Dow. The combined entity is expected to have the most comprehensive and diverse portfolio in the industry and a robust pipeline with exceptional growth opportunities in the near‐, mid‐ and long‐term. The complementary offerings will provide growers across geographies with a broad portfolio of solutions and greater choice. The Agriculture company will be headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware. In addition, the independent Agriculture company will feature DuPont in the company’s name.Material Science Company: A pure‐play industrial leader, consisting of Dow’s Performance Plastics, Performance Materials and Chemicals, Infrastructure Solutions, Consumer Care and Automotive Solutions (excluding the Dow Electronic Materials business) operating segments, as well as DuPont’s Performance Materials segment. The combination of complementary capabilities is expected to create a low‐cost, innovation‐driven leader that can provide customers in high‐growth, high-value industry segments in packaging, transportation, and infrastructure solutions, among others, with a broad and deep portfolio of cost‐effective offerings. The Material Science company will be headquartered in Midland, Michigan. In addition, the independent Material Science company will feature Dow in the company’s name.Specialty Products Company: A leading global specialty business focused on attractive secular growth markets where innovative science capabilities offer a clear competitive advantage. The company is expected to be composed of four strong businesses which include DuPont’s Nutrition & Health, Industrial Biosciences, and Protective Solutions businesses as well as the integration of DuPont’s Electronics & Communications business with Dow’s Electronic Materials business unit. The Specialty Products company will be headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware.Prior to the intended separation into three independent companies, DowDuPont will be dual headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware and Midland, Michigan.Both parties continue to plan for the closing of the transaction during the second half of 2016, subject to satisfying the necessary closing conditions including obtaining the required pre-merger regulatory approvals.
UPDATED 8/16/2011Asphalt shingles are the roofing of choice for a majority of U.S. homes. And each year, in the process of manufacturing, installing and eventually replacing them, the construction industry produces an estimated 11 million tons of shingle waste.That’s roughly the capacity of a quarter-million fully laden tractor-trailers, which when lined up end to end would stretch from New York to Los Angeles.Most of the waste now goes to landfills. But unlike processed gypsum drywall, which often goes begging for markets, recycled asphalt shingles have inherent value because of their high petroleum content.William Turley, executive director of the Construction Materials Recycling Association, a trade group, estimates that one-third of the waste is currently recycled, and he expects that to continue rising.That’s good news. As recently as 2007, a consultant to the CMRA reported asphalt shingling recycling was “rarely practiced in some states.” It’s still hampered by health and regulatory issues, but there’s a good reason for Turley’s optimism. RELATED ARTICLES Roadblocks for wider recyclingTwo things stand in the way of higher recycling rates: health concerns related to their asbestos content, and a lack of uniform state standards allowing them to be used in hot-mix asphalt for public road projects.Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral with a number of excellent working characteristics. Unfortunately, it’s also a known human carcinogen. Asbestos bound up in roofing shingles or other roofing products isn’t a threat — unless it’s released as dust when shingles are ground during reprocessing. And that makes state health officials nervous.It has been years since manufacturers used asbestos in roofing shingles. But it’s common practice to apply new shingles over old, so a contractor tearing off three layers or shingles might well run into some that contain asbestos. In addition, asbestos is still used in some roofing products, such as roof cements and mastics (the CMRA report notes that more than half of the 3,500 tons of asbestos imported into the U.S. in 2007 went into roofing products).Some shingles manufactured into the late 1970s contained significant amounts of asbestos — some as much as 50% — so the threat that contaminated shingles will find their way into the waste stream is there.In reality, asbestos turns up in an extremely low number of shingle samples. Massachusetts requires shingle recyclers to test each batch not once but twice. Any shingles that are found to contain asbestos must be landfilled, where the asbestos is safely sequestered.Sean Anestis, who owns a shingle recycling company called Roof Top Recycling Inc. in Boxborough, Mass., tests every load that comes through his gates but says he “rarely finds” any containing asbestos. He handles up to 30,000 tons of shingles per year. In testing 40 samples per day, Anestis gets two or three hits a year. “You have a better chance of getting hit by a car on your way home from work than being exposed to asbestos,” he says.In fact, one study available through the CMRA found asbestos showed up in only about 1.5% of more than 27,000 samples.Another potential health threat are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (or PAHs) shingles contain by virtue of their petroleum content. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has identified seven PAHs that are “probable human carcinogens,” according to the report written for the CMRA, while separate studies have linked an increased risk of certain cancers among roofers and asphalt workers because of their exposure.Although there’s a potential for these compounds to get into the environment via shingle recycling, no conclusive studies seem to be available. Potential uses for processed shinglesAsphalt shingles, which account for two-thirds of the U.S. residential roofing market, are made from a fiberglass or organic backing, asphalt cement, a sand-like aggregate and mineral fillers such as limestone dolomite and silica. These are the basic ingredients of hot-mix asphalt used in road construction, which helps explain why the paving industry is the No. 1 end user of reprocessed shingles.There are a variety of other potential uses, too:Cold patch for repairing potholes. The CMRA report notes that ground-up shingles mixed with aggregate and an emulsion can be used for patching roads. In fact, the mix actually improves performance because of the fiberglass or cellulose content of the shingles.Aggregate in road construction. Ground and screened shingles can be mixed with gravel and used to cover unpaved roads, minimizing dust, reducing vehicle noise and longer road life. Combined with ground asphalt and concrete, ground shingles also make a good road base for driveways (for a closer look at how one Connecticut business handles shingles for this use, check this video ).Manufacturing new shingles. Some shingle manufacturers have tried using factory scraps to make new shingles, with mixed success.Energy recovery. Shingles have an energy content of as much as 20,000 Btu per pound, the report says, and the practice of using scrap as a fuel supplement is “an established market” in Europe. Air emission regulations in the U.S. appear to be one impediment for a wider use of scrap shingles as fuel, but Turley says he knows of some cement manufacturers that use old shingles as fuel.Although all of these end uses are possible, the patchwork of state regulations and the lack of any reliable national reporting system makes it impossible to say where any or all of them are actually put in practice. GBA Encyclopedia: Job-Site RecyclingGBA Encyclopedia: Roofing MaterialsAsphalt Shingle Recycling LocatorJob-Site Recycling: Gypsum WallboardJob-Site Recycling: PVCSaving Energy by RecyclingCarpet RecyclingVideo: Grinding Drywall and Wood“Shingle recycling has grown tremendously in the past 10 years,” he says. “The reason is that it’s very profitable. Shingles contain bitumen, the binding agent in asphalt pavement. It’s oil — and oil is a little expensive right now.”However, as is the case with other forms of C&D waste, shingle recycling is a hit-or-miss proposition that varies from state to state, goes up and down with changing market conditions, and is not systematically tracked by any private or government agency. For a state-by-state list of shingle recyclers, check the map at the CMRA web site. Trying to make a buckOne of the chief incentives for making more of an effort to recycle construction debris is a better bottom line. Landfill tipping fees can be steep (this, too, varies by state), and culling out waste that can be recycled can pay dividends for builders.Anestis, for example, charges between $60 and $80 per ton for roofers and disposal contractors to drop off asphalt shingles. That’s a good savings over the $70 to $120 he says landfills around the state charge.But the economics of recycling can be complicated. In Massachusetts, Anestis has to pay to dispose of the shingles he processes because he doesn’t grind them himself. His operating margin is the difference between what he charges to take in shingles and what he pays to get rid of them.In another state, he said, a processor might have a better market for ground shingles, allowing the processor to charge builders lower tipping fees.In other words, shingle recycling in one state might bear no resemblance to recycling in another. Road asphalt, state-by-stateIf the best-known use for recycled roof shingles is in hot-mix asphalt, there’s no national standard regulating the practice in the U.S. Some states have adopted specifications for using old shingles in road asphalt, but others haven’t. And without this state “spec,” highway officials won’t permit ground up shingles to be used in new asphalt. Even where it is permitted, some states limit it to non-public uses, such as driveways and retail parking lots, rather than state highways.The practice is spotty. California, for example, has no state spec, says Turley. In Illinois, the state highway department hasn’t developed one, while the Illinois Tollway authority has.A national map developed by CMRA shows roughly half the states in the country permit the practice in one form or another. The rest, including many Western states, don’t.Overall, about 1 million tons of reclaimed asphalt shingles went into new hot-mix last year, according to the National Asphalt Paving Association. That’s less than 10% of the total waste stream, but still a big jump over previous years.Where it can be used, the upward limit of old shingles to hot-mix asphalt seems to be relatively small, 5%. At that level, it may actually improve the properties of the mix; beyond that, pavement gets too brittle.A fact sheet distributed by the Northeast Recycling Council says that using hot-mix asphalt with a 5% recycled shingle content can shave as much as $2.80 per ton off the cost of hot mix while improving the quality of the paving. With that in mind, wider adoption of state standards on using reclaimed shingles would not only mean more business for recyclers but also has the potential to lower highway construction and repair costs for taxpayers.There also are potential problems with the practice. One North Carolina paving company I spoke with said it has stopped using shingles in its hot-mix for at least two reasons. First, the shingle manufacturer they had been getting virgin scrap from for free began charging for it. Second, bits of fiberglass from ground shingles would stick up in the road when mixed with fresh asphalt. Ground shingles also can be dusty, and if they sat in the weather too long they degraded. In all, the company found it more advantageous to scrape off the top layer of asphalt on existing roads and use that to supplement new asphalt rather than use old shingles.But, says NAPA engineer Dave Newcomb, paving companies have a powerful incentive to use more reclaimed shingles because the practice allows them to replace as much as 20% of the asphalt cement they buy, a major savings.Newcomb says grinding shingles to a fairly fine consistency, to 3/8 in. or less, eliminates the chunky texture of asphalt. The real problem with grinding up shingles is that the process involves a “fair amount of work” and is more successful in urban areas than rural areas because of economies of scale.